Make Buildings And Spaces Accessible
You may be able to make buildings, spaces, and products accessible using simple
or low-cost solutions. The best solutions will follow the rules of universal
design. This means designing products and environments that can be used by all
people, as much as possible, without having to be modified.
Making Your Space Accessible
When assessing your premises for physical accessibility, there are a number
of things to consider in developing your action plan:
- Do you own or lease your premises? This may affect how, when and
at what cost accessibility changes can be made.
- Can your building accommodate physical changes?
- Can any necessary renovation work be done under normal maintenance
activities, or regular update work?
- Do you need to hire an architect or engineer, or can a contractor
do the job?
- What are your priorities based on your assessment?
- What are the simpler, immediate, lower-cost things you can do to
- Remember to make your premises accessible to people with a wide
range of disabilities, including physical, sensory, learning, developmental
health. This means paying attention to more than just ramps and accessible washrooms.
It also means:
- audible alarm systems
- signage with high contrast lettering
- o easy-to-find directories
- accessible parking
Develop A Plan
The following checklist items will help you develop a plan to make your premises
- entrances are accessible to persons using wheelchairs or scooters.
- canopies or other sheltering devices have adequate headroom.
- revolving door openings move slowly and safely to accommodate people
using mobility aids.
- if there is no accessible revolving door, an adjacent accessible
door opens automatically, has power assisted door operators or can be easily
- mats are level with the floor and door thresholds are bevelled so
they do not create a tripping hazard
- people can easily find information, a reception counter, an accessible
call bell or information phone for persons requiring assistance.
- elevator doorways are wide enough and stay open long enough to allow
persons using wheelchairs to pass through easily.
- in accessible elevators, Braille signage and controls can be easily
reached and a two-way emergency call system or telephone provided.
- audible signals announce floors and up/down direction of elevator
- accessible pedestrian route(s) or path(s) are wide enough to accommodate
wheelchairs, scooters, or other mobility devices.
- curb cuts or ramps are wide enough for wheelchairs and scooters,
have a non-slip finish and are kept clear of snow and ice in winter weather.
- routes are not obstructed by poles, plants, bicycle racks, etc..
- accessible entrances are clearly marked with the International Symbol
- building and route signage is provided in large, high contrast lettering.
- accessible passenger loading zone accommodates taxis, buses, or
- awnings or canopies extending over exterior walkways have clear
- on exterior steps, forward edges are highly colour contrasted for
- on both sides of ramps or exterior stairs, continuous handrails
are a bright contrasting colour and have horizontal or vertical rails to prevent
from slipping through.
Fire and Life Safety
- a fire policy and fire safety plan are in place for the evacuation
of people with disabilities.
- main exit routes and exit doors are easily accessed and used by
people using mobility aids.
- exit instructions are printed in large text, and mounted in an accessible,
highly visible location
- fire alarms have both visual and audible signals.
General Layout and Services
- queuing areas and serving aisles are wide enough for people using
mobility aids including electric wheelchairs and scooters.
- cashier desks, service counters or counters/tables in eating areas
are accessible to and useable by patrons using wheelchairs or scooters.
- public telephones, coat racks or display shelves are accessible
to and useable by patrons with various disabilities e.g. wheelchair users, persons
low vision or hearing loss.
- appropriate lighting is installed to ensure that people with vision
disabilities may clearly identify colours, patterns and signage.
- floor finishes have non-slip surfaces under wet and dry conditions.
- open-concept, accessible routes are marked by bright colour or textural
changes at floor level, to provide directional cues for people with vision disabilities.
- there are no protruding objects or tripping hazards in accessible
routes, and if so, they are clearly marked with a bright colour, a cane-detectable
finish, or a guard.
- where floors are carpeted, the carpet is of firm, dense construction
and easy for a wheelchair user to roll over without difficulty.
- thresholds are bevelled to accommodate different floor materials.
- accessible parking spaces are clearly marked with the International
Symbol of Accessibility.
- in accessible underground parking areas, a call bell or two-way
communication system is located near parking spaces reserved for persons who
- there is a safe, clearly marked, accessible pedestrian route from
the designated parking area to an accessible building entrance or elevator lobby.
- accessible pedestrian route is made of firm, level material.
- an accessible stall is provided for each sex when integrated into
regular washrooms or an accessible stand-alone unisex washroom is located nearby.
- the following washroom features are accessible to people with a
wide range of disabilities
- grab bars.
- coat hooks.
- flush controls.
- wash basins.
- toilet paper dispenser.
- call button for emergencies.
- mounted automatic hand-dryers or paper towel holders.
- lever-handled faucets or automatic faucet.
Signage and Information Systems
- show the International Symbol of Accessibility.
- display universal hearing disability symbols where equipment is
available, e.g. TTY.
- include Braille information.
- include appropriate pictograms, wherever possible (e.g. on washroom
- include large high contrast text, clear, light-coloured lettering
or symbols on a dark background, or dark characters on a light background.
- are mounted at a convenient height for both wheelchair users and
people with vision disabilities.
- walls in busy areas, corridors, ramps or staircases are finished
in smooth, non-glossy, non-abrasive finishes.
- colour of doors or door frames in hallways contrast with surrounding
- fire exit doors are consistently coloured throughout the building,
so that they are easily distinguishable from other doors.
- fire hose cabinets and fire extinguishers are in a highly contrasting
- wall mirrors are limited in size, to prevent visual confusion.
- mirrors that cover a wall (e.g. in a restaurant) are clearly marked
for people with low vision.
Reproduced from http://www.mcss.gov.on.ca/mcss/english/how/howto_buildings.htm, edited and formatted for greater accessibility.